History of creation of church of sacred Nikolay in Turkey
St. Nikolay’s church (it is open for favourite rounds to Turkey ежедн., May-okt., 8. 30-19. 00; нояб. – the Agrarian Party of Russia., 8. 30-17. 00 or 18. 00; 5YTL) towers over the centre to Demra where many hotels of Turkey are located. If you rise the person on the West, it will be on the right side of Miize Caddesi. Despite a construction of the awful synthetic filter on the one hand, the church building still is a visible reminder on time of life of her sacred patron in spite of the fact that the legends which have arisen round his name, have not enough the general with reality. Nikolay’s reckoning to a face of the sacred has taken place after the inhabitants who have come to its tomb of Turkey have told about a miracle. Soon the World became a popular place of pilgrimage of Christians, and in the XI century, how hearings that relics of the sacred are stolen by the Italian merchants have gone, the monastery here has been constructed. Most likely, for involvement of pilgrims monks have organised "miracle", pouring out the world in an opening in a ceiling of a tomb and bringing together him late from a floor. The modern building of church has not enough the general with that that stood here in the IV century. For the first time it has been reconstructed in 1043 by Konstantin IX, maybe, after it have destroyed сарацины. At present it represents a basilica with 3 side-altars in the plan to which the late the 4th has been attached.
Restoration of church of sacred Nikolay in Turkey by order of the Russian governor
In 1862 sacred Nikolay’s church in Turkey has been restored by order of the Russian governor Nikolay I. The dome in the central nave has been replaced with a vaulted ceiling, the belltower is constructed — both these an innovation were unknown to early Byzantian architecture. With a view of structure preservation Turkish archeologists not so have long since carried out new restoration works during which over a narthex small stone domes have been constructed. Perhaps, more ordinary for construction tradition of the Byzantian empire still have синтрон, the throne which was in an apse of the bishop. In medieval buildings, the main sights of Turkey of this period, it can be beheld enough from time to time because the most part of churches it has been turned into mosques and it is partially reconstructed. Panels decorating a nave and an apse of inlaid floors (to the chagrin, many of them are lost) generally have ordinary geometrical drawing, and among fragments of a structure lying on a backyard there is one stone with the anchor image: St. Nikolay was considered as the patron of seamen (also brides, children, merchants, scientists, usurers and Sacred Russia). Its sarcophagus of type is in the most southern apse if to face a throne of the bishop. It is necessary to have a look at it, though its authenticity and raises big doubts: the tomb from which relics sacred have been stolen, allegedly is under a stone floor.
Learn about stories of church of sacred Nikolay the ordered rounds to Turkey from Saratov can.